Acetone, also known as propanone, is a colorless, volatile liquid with the chemical formula CH₃COCH₃. 



Acetone, also known as propanone, is a colorless, volatile liquid with the chemical formula CH₃COCH₃. 

Physical and Chemical Properties:

  • State: Acetone is a clear, colorless liquid at room temperature.
  • Odor: It has a sweet, fruity odor.
  • Solubility: Acetone is highly soluble in water and miscible with most organic solvents.

Sources and Production:

  • Natural Sources: While acetone can be found in trace amounts in certain natural sources, the majority of acetone is produced synthetically.
  • Synthetic Production: Commercially, acetone is often produced by various methods, including the catalytic dehydrogenation of isopropanol or by the cumene process.


  • Nail Polish Remover: Acetone is commonly used as a solvent in nail polish removers.
  • Industrial Solvent: It is widely used as a solvent in various industrial processes, including in the production of plastics, fibers, and pharmaceuticals.
  • Paint and Coating Industry: Acetone is used as a solvent in the paint and coating industry.
  • Cleaning Agent: It is often used as a cleaning agent for removing residues and contaminants.
  • Adhesives: Acetone is used in the formulation of certain adhesives.

Health Considerations:

  • Acetone is generally regarded as safe when used in accordance with established safety guidelines. However, it is a flammable liquid and should be handled with care.
  • Inhalation of high concentrations of acetone vapor can cause irritation of the respiratory tract. Adequate ventilation is recommended when working with acetone in enclosed spaces.
  • Acetone is rapidly absorbed through the skin, so prolonged skin contact should be avoided. Use of protective equipment, such as gloves, is advisable.

Safety Precautions:

  • Acetone should be stored in a cool, well-ventilated area, away from heat sources and open flames.
  • Safety data sheets and product labels should be consulted for specific information on safe handling, storage, and disposal.

Data sheet

CAS Number
HS Code
Chemical Formula
Other names
Dimethyl Ketone, Acetone
Name / Reference

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