Sodium Chloride

Sodium chloride is an ionic chemical compound with the formula NaCl. It is more commonly known as table salt or cooking salt, simply referred to as "salt" in everyday language.


Sodium chloride, commonly known as table salt, is a chemical compound with the formula NaCl. It is essential for many living organisms, including humans, and is widely used in various industrial, medical, and food applications.

Properties and Characteristics:

  • Chemical Formula: Sodium chloride is represented by the formula NaCl, indicating its composition of sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl).
  • Solubility: It is highly soluble in water, making it useful in many aqueous applications.



  • Consumption: Sodium chloride is commonly used as a seasoning and preservative in human food. It also imparts taste to various foods.


  • Chemistry: Used as a raw material in the manufacturing of other chemicals.
  • Water Treatment: Employed in water treatment for various applications, including water softeners.

Medicine and Health:

  • Saline Solution: Used in medicine in the form of saline solution for various medical applications, including rehydration.

Safety and Precautions:

Sodium chloride is generally considered safe when consumed in moderate amounts. However, excessive consumption can have health effects for some individuals, especially those with specific medical conditions such as hypertension.

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