Potassium chloride

Potassium chloride (KCl) is a chemical compound consisting of potassium and chloride ions.


Potassium chloride :

Potassium chloride (KCl) is a chemical compound consisting of potassium and chloride ions.

Chemical Formula: KCl


  • Natural Occurrence: Potassium chloride is found in nature as a mineral in various forms, including sylvite and carnallite. These minerals are often extracted from underground deposits.
  • Production: It can also be produced synthetically through various methods, including the reaction of potassium carbonate with hydrochloric acid or by the evaporation of saltwater.

Physical Properties:

  • Appearance: Potassium chloride is a white crystalline solid.
  • Solubility: It is highly soluble in water, forming a clear solution.
  • Melting Point: The compound has a melting point of about 770 degrees Celsius (1,418 degrees Fahrenheit).

Chemical Properties:

  • Potassium chloride is a salt and dissociates into potassium ions (K⁺) and chloride ions (Cl⁻) in water.
  • It is not flammable.
  • It is not reactive with most common chemicals under normal conditions.


  • Fertilizer: Potassium chloride is a major source of potassium in fertilizers, providing an essential nutrient for plant growth.
  • Food Additive: In the food industry, it is used as a salt substitute and to enhance the potassium content of certain foods.
  • Medical Applications: It is used in medicine for treating potassium deficiency under medical supervision.
  • Industrial Processes: Potassium chloride is utilized in various industrial processes, including the production of chemicals and pharmaceuticals.
  • Oil and Gas Industry: It is used in the oil and gas industry for various applications, including drilling fluids.

Health Considerations:

  • While potassium is an essential nutrient, excessive intake of potassium chloride can be harmful, particularly for individuals with kidney problems or other health conditions. Always follow recommended guidelines and consult with a healthcare professional if needed.

Data sheet

CAS Number
HS Code
25kg bag
Name / Reference
Potassium chloride

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